III INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP “A global view of the problem of pesticides: management, use, impacts on health and the environment – treatment alternatives for their removal” COCHABAMBA (BOLIVIA). 18-22 February 2019
One of the main activities to which Bolivia is dedicated is agricultural production. In order to increase the volume of agricultural production the use of pesticides has significantly increased, as well as fertilizers. The import of these pesticides (fungicides, herbicides and insecticides) increases alarmingly every year. According to the FAO, until 2013 in Bolivia there were more than 600 tons of obsolete pesticides, which are not used, but their toxicity is keeps very active. The import of pesticides between the years 2005 and 2015 shot up by 300%, from 10,000 to 40000 tons admitted to the country per year. In the same way, between 2013 and 2017 the import of pesticides reached 1136 million dollars for the purchase of 212 thousand tons; in this period of time the highest peak was in 2014 with 242 million dollars. According to SENASAG for the year 2011, about fifty thousand tons of these inputs were imported (SENASAG, 2011), which shows that most of these agrochemicals enter through smuggling, going to the detriment of the health of the population and the environment.
Facing this challenge, with the purpose of contributing with the mitigation and adequate knowledge of the management, use and management of pesticides and treatment alternatives for the removal of these pollutants, a network was created between European and Latin American universities, established in order to promote research on pesticide contamination. The Center for Water and Environmental Sanitation (CASA) -UMSS is a constituent part of this network and, as such, is also the executor of a part of this program conceived within the framework of the European Research and Innovation Staff Exchange project (RISE) – H2020 – MSCA – RISE – 2015 (KNOWPEC_project number 690618), whose general coordination is in charge of Dr. Carmen Sans Mazon of the Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Analytical Chemistry of the University of Barcelona. One of the objectives of the project is to carry out research workshops with the pesticide problem, organized by the Latin countries participating in the project.
On this occasion, responsibility for organizing and executing the III INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP was in charge of the Center for Water and Sanitation of the University of San Simon in Cochabamba – Bolivia and the Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Analytical Chemistry of the University of Barcelona Spain whose motto of the III workshop was “A global view of the problem of pesticides: management, use, impacts on health and the environment – treatment alternatives for their removal”
- a) Present, exchange and strengthen new knowledge, techniques, procedures and methodologies and the most recent studies, research and discoveries in the problem of pesticides that are being developed in Latin America and Europe.
- b) Disseminate the experiences and new knowledge that are being generated at international, national and local levels so that they can be considered by the authorities that are developing new policies, laws and norms of management, management and uses of pesticides, treatment alternatives for their removal among others
- c) Integrate professionals working in the field of Environmental Engineering and related areas to exchange experiences with professionals in these areas.
There were considered five topics:
1) Management and legislation of pesticides
2) Management and Use of pesticides
3) Health (contamination of pesticides)
4) Environment (pesticide contamination)
5) Alternative Treatments for the removal of pesticides
It participated representatives of universities in Europe, Latin America and Bolivia related to the area, as well as governmental institutions (Ministry of the Environment, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Rural Development and Land, SENASAG) and consultants.
A total of 31 investigations were presented by professional experts according to the thematic axes of the workshop (seven international exhibitors, and twenty four national exhibitors, according to detail Table 1.
TABLE # 1 Institutions and professionals participating in the workshop
|1||Carmen Sans Mazon||UNIVERSIDAD DE BARCELONA (UB), ESPAÑA, COORDINADORA DE PROYECTO|
|2||Zisis Vryzas||DEMOCRITUS UNIVERSITY OF THRACE (DUTH), GRECIA|
|3||Carmel Ramwell||FERA SCIENCE LIMITED (FERA), LONDRES INGLATERRA|
|4||Alicia Fernandez Cirelli||UNIVERSIDAD DE BUENOS AIRES (UBA), BUENOS AIRES, ARGENTINA|
|5||Alberto Ibañez Navarro||KOBENHAVNS UNIVERSITET (KU), COPENNAGUIE, DINAMARCA|
|6||Theodor Friedrich||FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION- FAO ORGANISMO ESPECIALIZADO DE LA ONU|
|7||Alejandra Noelia Loayza Guzman||FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION (FAO) – CHILE|
|1||Ana Maria Romero Jaldin||C.A.S.A. UMSS – BOLIVIA|
|2||Maria Mercedes Alvarez Caero||C.A.S.A. UMSS – BOLIVIA|
|3||Lilian Karen Leañoz Aranibar||C.A.S.A. UMSS – BOLIVIA|
|4||Karel Rivera Claure||C.A.S.A. UMSS – BOLIVIA|
|5||Carlos Erostegui||IIBISMED FACULTAD DE MEDICINA – UMSS – BOLIVIA|
|6||Maria Angela del Callejo Veracc||IIBISMED FACULTAD DE MEDICINA – UMSS – BOLIVIA|
|7||Miguel Alberto Villarroel Canedo||FACULTAD DE MEDICINA UMSS – BOLIVIA|
|8||Mario Coca Morante||FACULTAD DE CIENCIAS AGRÍCOLAS Y PECUARIAS , UMSS – BOLIVIA|
|9||Roberto Bascope||FACULTAD DE CIENCIAS AGRÍCOLAS Y PECUARIAS , AGRUCO UMSS – BOLIVIA|
|10||Felipe Noel Ortuño Castro||FACULTAD DE CIENCIAS AGRÍCOLAS Y PECUARIAS , UMSS – BOLIVIA|
|11||Melina Campero Paz||UNIDAD DE RECURSOS LIMNOLOGICOS (ULRA) – BOLIVIA|
|12||Mirtha Rivero Lujan||UNIDAD DE RECURSOS LIMNOLOGICOS (ULRA) – SANTA CRUZ BOLIVIA|
|13||Thamara Burgos Rubin de Celis||UNIVERSIDAD AUTONOMA GABRIEL RENE MORENO (U.A.G.R.M).|
|14||Juan Jose Lagrava Sanchez||UNIVERSIDAD AUTONOMA GABRIEL RENE MORENO (U.A.G.R.M).|
|15||Omar Dave Merida Serrano||UNIVERSIDAD BOLIVIANA (UNIBOL)|
|16||Eduardo Juan Palma Davalos||MINISTERIO DE MEDIO AMBIENTE – BOLIVIA|
|17||Freddy Gonzales||MINISTERIO DE DESARROLLO RURAL Y TIERRAS|
|18||Alfredo Severo Laime Callisaya||MINISTERIO DE SALUD – BOLIVIA|
|19||Alvaro Ismael Otondo Maldonado||SERVICIO NACIONAL DE SANIDAD AGROPECUARIA E INOCUIDAD ALIMENTARIA SENASAG – BOLIVIA|
|20||Mario Derick Aguirre Saavedra||ASOCIACIÓN BOLIVIANA DE PROVEEDORES DE INSUMOS, BIENES Y SERVICIOS AGRÍCOLAS Y PECUARIOS “APRISA” – SANTA CRUZ BOLIVIA|
|21||Juan Carlos Escobar Molina||APRISA – SANTA CRUZ BOLIVIA|
|22||Maria Gabriela Rivadeneira Caballero||CENTRO DE INVESTIGACION DE AGRICULTURA TROPICAL (CIAT )- SANTA CRUZ BOLIVIA|
|23||Omar Alberto Huici Rojas||PLAGUICIDAS BOLIVIA|
|24||Adriana Montero Burela||INSTITUTO DE CAPACITACION PARA EL DESARROLLO EN BOLIVIA INCADE – BOLIVIA|
There was a total of 21 assistance institutions with a total of 78 people. In general, the presentations of the participating institutions of the KNOWPEC project made the diagnosis of the problem of pesticide use in Europe and Latin America, but particularly in Bolivia.
The national and local media also attended the workshop. The topics discussed in the workshop caused great interest, appearing in many of these public communication media.